We are taking a dive, head first, into the history and importance of Libraries. Libraries are an essential part of our society. It has played a major role in the sculpting of what we now identify as Society. Having turned into a basic need for students, teachers and other individuals for its numerous advantages and benefits, it has fashioned the world and its inhabitants in many ways than you can imagine.
This is the reason we are celebrating this magnificent place we call a Library. We would be shedding light on its history, the reasons why they were created, its advantages or benefits and why they should be available to everyone to use.
A QUICK HISTORY LESSON:
The HOSTORY OF LIBRARIES began with the first efforts to organize collections of documents. The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing – the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in temple rooms in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC. The tablets stored in these prehistoric were houses, were preserved in a variety of containers such as wooden boxes, woven baskets of reeds, or clay shelves.
The “libraries” were cataloged using colophons, which are a publisher’s imprint on the spine of a book, or in this case a tablet. The colophons stated the series name, the title of the tablet, and any extra information the scribe needed to indicate. Eventually, the clay tablets were organized by subject and size. The first library, however, made its appearance some good five thousand years ago.
This trend setting library is believed to have first come to life in Southeast Asia, FERTILE CRESCENT, An area that ran from Mesopotamia to the Nile in Africa. This historically important place is usually described as the birth place if writing, some time before 3000 BC. According to legend, mythical philosopher Laozi was keeper of books in the earliest library in China, which belonged to the Imperial Zhou dynasty. Also, evidence of catalogues found in some destroyed ancient libraries illustrates the presence of librarians.
Unfortunately, due to limited bookshelf space, when more tablets were added to the library, older ones were removed, which is why some tablets are missing from the excavated cities in Mesopotamia. In the 10th century, Ibn al-Nadim, a well-known Muslim bibliographer, stated that following the conquest, the majority of the resources in different streams of science were taken from Persia’s main libraries to ANCIENT EGYPT.
The Library of Alexandria, in Egypt, was the largest and most significant great library of the ancient world. In the early middle ages, European libraries chained books to each other to prevent theft. This was to reflect on the fact that those books were created through hand copying, since there was no printing press, and therefore very valuable.
However, as time went on, the strictness gradually subsided and despite the overprotectiveness people were allowed to borrow these books. Many libraries loaned books if provided with security deposits (usually money or a book of equal value). Lending became a means by which books could be copied and spread
In the mid-19th century England, the Public Libraries Act 1850 was the first legislative step toward the creation of an enduring national institution that provides universal free access to information and literature. The Act first gave local boroughs the power to establish free public libraries.
THE REASONS FOR THE CREATION OF LIBRARIES.
LIBRARIES were created to tackle issues or topics of interests which includes:
•Accessibility of the collection of literaryworks.
•Acquisition of materials, that is novels that are educational and entertaining.
•Arrangement and finding tools for writing or reading.
•The book trade, language distribution.
•The influence of the physical properties of the different writing materials.
•Role in education, checking and increasing the rate of literacy.
•Budgets, since books were very expensive in those days.
• Creation of libraries for specially targeted audiences.
•Staffing, architectural merit and patterns of usage.
•The role of libraries in a nation’s cultural heritage.
•The role of government, church or private sponsorship.
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I am a fifteen year old book addict and writing enthusiast from Ghana in West Africa. I love potato chips and jelly, pizza too but not so much. If you want to know more about me, you can follow me on other social media platforms. Don’t forget to subscribe to the newsletter!!!!